Aqsis is a cross-platform photorealistic 3D rendering solution, adhering to the RenderMan interface standard defined by Pixar Animation Studios.
The Aqsis project itself consists of a number of components, each useful in their own right, but contributing to the larger aims of the project as a whole. At this time, there are two such components: the aqsis rendering tools and the RIBMosaic exporter for Blender. Each component has its own area detailed below.
The Aqsis project itself consists of a number of components, each useful in their own right, but contributing to the larger aims of the project as a whole.
At this time, there are two such components: the aqsis rendering tools and the RIBMosaic exporter for Blender. Each component has its own area detailed below.
The Aqsis toolsuite can be used from the command line, but there are also a couple of convenient graphical front-ends.
Eqsl is a fast user interface for the Aqsis toolsuite, giving both new and experienced users another way to utilise our tools.
Features include rendering, shader compiling, framebuffer execution, command history and console logging:
Texture preparation by
teqser still needs to be performed from the command line or by a MakeTexture command in a RIB file.
Piqsl is an advanced framebuffer/image viewer and now the default
framebuffer of Aqsis, supporting the TIFF and (Open)EXR file formats.
Features include non-blocking behavior, network rendering and image management:
The Aqsis tools provide a comprehensive list of features that are considered necessary for production use, the following list details some of the important high level capabilities.
- Programmable Shading - Aqsis supports the 'RenderMan Shading Language'. Shaders written in RSL can be used for surface shading, lightsources, displacement, volumetric shading (interior/exterior) and imaging. This feature provides artists with complete freedom to describe surfaces, lights and other parts of the rendering pipeline, in any way they require, providing much more flexibility and control than more restricted procedural material systems.
- High Level Primitive Support - Aqsis uses the REYES rendering approach, which means all primitives are broken down into sub-pixel micropolygons (MP's) during rendering. This means that Aqsis only needs the high level surface descriptions to render from, reducing the data passed to the renderer, while ensuring a perfectly smooth silhouette edge. Some other renderers would require, for instance NURBS geometry to be polygonised before rendering. Aqsis will render a NURBS surface directly, while ensuring that it is rendered at a sufficiently high rate to prevent artifacts on silhouette edges. Effectively, the REYES approach provides automatic, adaptive subdivision at render time, ensuring that the surface is subdivided enough to produce an accurate representation of curved surfaces in areas that need it, while not over subdividing in areas that don't need it. Many polygon based renderers would require a high level curved surface to be pre-subdivided, meaning the surface is likely to be subdivided too much in some areas, or not enough in others, often a user choice, this results in large amounts of data being sent to the renderer in order to avoid silhouette artifacts.
- Sub-Pixel Displacement - The REYES approach allows Aqsis to provide true displacements at the sub-pixel level. Where some other renderers would need densely subdivided geometry to be passed into the rendering pipeline to achieve similar functionality, Aqsis provides this for all primitive types, with no requirement to alter the geometry before it is passed to the renderer.
- Motion Blur (MB) - Aqsis supports multi-segment motion blur. Objects can be described by any number of keyframes during a single shutter period and Aqsis will properly interpolate those keyframes to provide a motion blurred representation of the moving object. Allowing a completely arbitrary number of segments, allows the user to more accurately motion blur such things as rapidly rotating objects which, due to the linear interpolation of segments, is difficult ot achieve with only a few segments.
- Depth of Field (DoF) - Aqsis is able to accurately blur elements in the scene to emulate the focal capabilities of a real camera. Unlike a post processed depth blur, render time depth blurring accurately captures the effect of otherwise hidden scene elements showing through highly out of focus parts of the scene, a feature not possible with post processed blur using a depth map.
- Shadow Mapped Ambient Occlusion - Aqsis supports a special type of shadow map that contains the shadow information from a number of points in a single map, allowing ambient lighting that incorporates shadowing. By generating shadow maps from a hemisphere (or sphere) of lightsources surrounding the scene, and combining them into one large depth map, Aqsis is able to determine how occluded any part of the scene is from the surrounding ambient light. This information can be used to enhance the effect of ambient lighting, providing less illumination in areas that would naturally receive less ambient light.
- Arbitrary Output Variables (AOV) - Aqsis is able to output multiple images from a single render pass, each containing different information. The images can contain any shader variable, including the standard built in variables, such as surface normal, texture coordinates, surface derivatives etc. Alternatively, it is entirely possible to define new output variables of any supported RSL type to render any sort of surface information. These multiple passes can then be combined to produce various effects, such as cartoon rendering, or for complex post processing during compositing.
- Subdivision Surfaces (SDS) - Aqsis can render Catmull-Clark subdivision surfaces, subdividing to sub-pixel level at render time. No need to pass Aqsis a heavily subdivided mesh, Aqsis will subdivide as it renders, you only need to pass it the low poly control hull. As with NURBS surfaces, the subdivision of SDS primitives is adaptive, Aqsis will subdivide only as much as necessary to produce an accurate representation of the curved surface.
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